A new GLO Discussion Paper helps to understand how culture works in the family life of couples. A stronger culture of gender equality is associated with more joint home production of the partners.
The Global Labor Organization (GLO)
is an independent, non-partisan and non-governmental organization that
functions as an international network and virtual platform to stimulate
global research, debate and collaboration.
Author Abstract: In this paper, we examine whether culture plays a role in the gender division of household labor. To explore this issue, we use data on early-arrival first and second generation immigrants living in the United States. Since all these individuals have grown up under the same laws, institutions, and economic conditions, then the differences between them in the gender division of housework may be due to cultural differences. We find that the higher the culture of gender equality in the country of ancestry, the greater the equality in the division of housework. This is maintained when we consider both housework and childcare as household labor. Our work is extended by examining how culture operates and is transmitted. We study whether culture may influence by and with whom housework activities are performed and the timing of the day when this happens, which can help us to understand how culture operates in the family life of couples. Results indicate that the more culture of gender equality is associated with greater probability that individuals report performing housework when they are with their partner in the evening, which may improve family live by making housework a non-individual task. The cultural impact is also observed in the case of working days, but it is not so clear during public holidays, which can be explained by the fact that those individuals originating from less egalitarian countries work longer work hours than those from egalitarian countries.
“Croatia is in a very bad situation: politically, economically and morally. Basic human rights and democratic values are long gone. For the past several years through my public speeches I tried to highlight the main problems in our democracy but with no success. Politicians do not listen, so I decided to engage in a more active social role.”
“Once you see this level of injustice, anyone with any level of dignity cannot remain indifferent to people’s suffering. I have time, but Croatia does not. We are on a turning point. Either we are going to make strong changes in our set of values or we will perish.”
“In 10 years time, when my kids will ask me: “Dad, where were you when all of this was happening?” I want to be able to look them in their eyes and say that I gave my best.”
“During the course of my life I was always the underdog, this time it will be the same, but what is most importantly – I never ran from a fight. “
GLO President Klaus F. Zimmermann and Dejan Kovač were colleagues during Zimmermann’s appointment at Princeton University 2016/2017, and GLO supported the Croatia conference organized by him in 2017. See REPORT 1 and Report 2.
Klaus F. Zimmermann said: “Dejan Kovač is man with vision, passion and energy. At this time, we badly need the political engagement of people with strong academic routes. I wish him all the best for his ambitions!”
Zimmermann has good memories of his visit to Umag/Croatia in 2017, from the conference and the wonderful holiday island: See Report 1 and Report 2.
A new GLO Discussion Paper suggests that labor market policies affected wellbeing during the Great Recessionin Europe.While generous unemployment support mitigated the negative effects for most of the population, stricter employment protection legislation exacerbated the negative effects.
The Global Labor Organization (GLO) is an independent, non-partisan and non-governmental organization that functions as an international network and virtual platform to stimulate global research, debate and collaboration.
Author Abstract: Average subjective well-being decreased in Europe during the Great Recession, primarily among people with less than a college education and people younger than retirement age. However, some countries fared better than others depending on their labor market policies. More generous unemployment support, which provided income replacement or programs to assist unemployed workers find jobs, mitigated the negative effects for most of the population, although not youth. In contrast, stricter employment protection legislation exacerbated the negative effects. We present further evidence that suggests the exacerbating effects of employment protection legislation are due to greater rigidities in the labor market, which in turn affect perceived future job prospects. Our analysis is based on two-stage least squares regressions using individual subjective wellbeing data obtained from Eurobarometer surveys and variation in labor market policy across 23 European countries.
E-Scooters are a hot topic this summer; I have examined one in Bonn. Is this a solution for short-distance e-mobility? Perhaps just extra fun for additional short-distance mobility, not really a substitute for cars and public transportation with longer distances in inner city transportation. Very easy to use. Great for leisure and holidays. More experiences needed for daily use. Recommended to explore.
August 12, 2019: Call for contributions for the 30th EBES Conference – Kuala Lumpur; January 8-10, 2020inKuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Hosted by the Faculty of Economics and Administration, University of Malaya. GLO supported conference.EBESis theEurasia Business and Economics Society, a strategic partner and institutional supporter of GLO. GLO President Klaus F. Zimmermann is also President of EBES.
You are cordially invited to submit your abstracts or papers for presentation consideration at the 30th EBES Conference – Kuala Lumpur will take place on January 8th, 9th, and 10th, 2020 hosted by the Faculty of Economics and Administration, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur with the support of the Istanbul Economic Research Association.
We are pleased to announce that
distinguished colleagues Jonathan Batten, Euston Quah,
and Ahmed Khalid will join the conference as keynote speakers:
Jonathan Batten is professor of finance and CIMB-UUM Chair in Banking and Finance at the School of Economics, Finance and Banking at the University Utara Malaysia (Malaysia). Prior to this position, he worked at the Monash University (Australia), Hong Kong University of Science and Technology (Hong Kong), and Seoul National University (Korea). He is a well-known academician who has published articles in many of the leading economics and finance journals and currently serves as the Editor of Emerging Markets Review (SSCI), Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions & Money (SSCI), and Finance Research Letters (SSCI). He was also the President of EBES from July 2014 till December 2018. His current research interests include: financial market development and risk management; spread modelling arbitrage and market integration; and the investigation of the non-linear dynamics of financial prices. Batten is also a GLO Fellow.
Euston Quah is professor of economics and head of the
Department of Economics at the Nanyang Technological
University (Singapore). He is a prolific writer with publications in
well-known international journals such as World Development, Applied
Economics, Environment and Planning, Journal of Environmental Management,
International Review of Law and Economics, Journal of Economics, Journal of
Public Economic Theory, American Journal of Economics and Sociology, among
others, and 6 books. He is the editor of the Singapore Economic
Review(SSCI). He is also the President of Economic Society of
Singapore and Adjunct Principal Research Fellow at IPS (National
University of Singapore). His areas of expertise are environmental economics,
resource allocation and cost-benefit analysis, law and economics and household
Ahmed Khalid is professor of economics at Universiti
Brunei Darussalam (UBD) and the Dean of UBD School of Business and
Economics (Brunei). Prior to this position he worked at the Bond
Business School (Australia), the National University of
Singapore (Singapore), World Bank(visiting Consultant), Asian
Development Bank (visiting Consultant), the Planning Ministry of
Pakistan (Advisor to the Minister) and Washington and Lee
University (visiting Scholar) (USA). His visiting academic appointments
include Nanyang Technology University (Singapore), Lahore
University of Management Sciences (Pakistan), and Pakistan Institute
of Development Economics (Pakistan). Professor Khalid’s research interests
include applied macroeconomics and monetary economics, applied econometrics,
financial crisis and financial sector reforms with particular reference to
emerging economies in East- and South-Asia and globalization and financial
market integration. He is Associate Editor of Singapore Economic Review.
His publications include four books, many internationally refereed articles and
chapters in books.
Prof. Klaus F. Zimmermann, UNU-MERIT, Maastricht University, The Netherlands, & GLO. Prof. Jonathan Batten, Monash University, Australia, & GLO Prof. Iftekhar Hasan, Fordham University, U.S.A. Prof. Peter Rangazas, Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis, U.S.A., & GLO. Prof. Euston Quah, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore Prof. John Rust, Georgetown University, U.S.A., & GLO Prof. Marco Vivarelli, Università Cattolica Del Sacro Cuore, Italy, & GLO
Authors are invited to submit their abstracts or papers no later than October 31, 2019.
Qualified papers can be published
in EBES journals (Eurasian Business Review and Eurasian Economic Review) or
EBES Proceedings books after a peer review process without any submission or
publication fees. EBES journals (EABR and EAER) are published by Springer and
both are indexed in the SCOPUS, EBSCO EconLit with Full Text, Google Scholar,
ABS Academic Journal Quality Guide, CNKI, EBSCO Business Source, EBSCO
Discovery Service, EBSCO TOC Premier, International Bibliography of the Social
Sciences (IBSS), OCLC WorldCat Discovery Service, ProQuest ABI/INFORM, ProQuest
Business Premium Collection, ProQuest Central, ProQuest Turkey Database,
ProQuest-ExLibris Primo, ProQuest-ExLibris Summon, Research Papers in Economics
(RePEc), Cabell’s Directory, and Ulrich’s Periodicals Directory. In addition,
while EAER is indexed in the Emerging Sources Citation Index (Clarivate
Analytics), EABR is indexed in the Social Science Citation Index (SSCI) and
Current Contents / Social & Behavioral Sciences.
Also, all accepted abstracts will
be published electronically in the Conference Program and the Abstract Book
(with an ISBN number). It will be distributed to all conference participants at
the conference via USB. Although submitting full papers are not required, all
the submitted full papers will also be included in the conference proceedings
in a USB. After the conference, participants will also have the opportunity to
send their paper to be published (after a refereeing process managed by EBES)
in the Springer’s series Eurasian Studies in Business and Economics (no
submission and publication fees).
This will also be sent to
Clarivate Analytics in order to be reviewed for coverage in the Conference
Proceedings Citation Index – Social Science & Humanities (CPCI-SSH). Please
note that the 10th, 11th, 12th, 13th, 14th, 15th, 16th, 17th, 18th, 19th and
20th (Vol. 2) EBES Conference Proceedings are accepted for inclusion in the
Conference Proceedings Citation Index – Social Science & Humanities
(CPCI-SSH). 20th (Vol. 1), 21st and subsequent conference proceedings are in
Important Dates Abstract Submission Start Date: August 1, 2019 Abstract Submission Deadline: October 31, 2019 Reply-by: November 7, 2019* Registration Deadline: December 6, 2019 Announcement of the Program: December 9, 2019 Paper Submission Deadline (Optional): December 6, 2019** Paper Submission for the EBES journals and EBES Proceedings: March 15, 2020
* The decision regarding the acceptance/rejection of each abstract/paper will be communicated with the corresponding author within a week of submission. ** Completed paper submission is optional. If you want to be considered for the Best Paper Award or your full paper to be included in the conference proceedings in the USB, after submitting your abstract before December 6, 2019, you must also submit your completed (full) paper by December 6, 2019.
Contact Ugur Can (email@example.com); EBES & GLO Dr. Ender Demir (firstname.lastname@example.org); EBES & GLO
Author Abstract: We develop a method for comparing levels and trends in inequality in mortality in the United States and France between 1990 and 2010 in a similar framework. The comparison shows that while income inequality has increased in both the United States and France, inequality in mortality in France remained remarkably low and stable. In the United States, inequality in mortality increased for older groups (especially women) while it decreased for children and young adults. These patterns highlight the fact that despite the strong cross-sectional relationship between income and health, there is no necessary connection between changes in income inequality and changes in health inequality.
In the Spring 2019 term, GLO PresidentKlaus F. Zimmermann has been the George Soros Visiting Chair (GSVC) Professor at the School of Public Policy (SSP) of the Central European University (CEU) in Budapest. On June 28, he terminated this engagement and returned to the headquarters of the Global Labor Organization (GLO) in Bonn, Germany. See for a REPORT. Threatened by the Hungarian government, CEU has now moved its teaching to Budapest. Other Hungarian academic institutions are under monitoring by the Hungarian government.
On July 11, 2019, SSP published an interview with Zimmermann about his time in Budapest and views about the situation. LINK to the SPP website. See also text below.
SPP: You have been GSVC at SPP. Why SPP/CEU? What did your stay at SPP/CEU offered you in terms of research, interaction with SPP faculty and students?
KFZ: I am working on European integration and global migration issues, and have published substantially on the European Union East enlargement and its consequences for the wellbeing of European nations. I have visited Budapest a number of times in my life to interact with Hungarian academic institutions. The CEU has over time become a lighthouse institution for the academic transformation of Eastern Europe. CEU’s academic staff and students are so professional, international, multi-ethnic and multidisciplinary; it is a pleasure to interact and learn. My research benefits from the various discussions I had during the visit – with long-term effects. It therefore has been both a pleasure and a great honor the have been the GSVC.
SPP: You have authored a vast body of academic articles, books, edited volumes. Which finding was the most intriguing one, perhaps changing the way we see some policy problems?
KFZ: Unlike what the public and policymakers often think, labor migration is a coming and going. Scientist have called this circular migration. While the inflow is properly noticed, the outflow is often overlooked. If policymakers wish to stop the inflow through regulations or walls, the outcome may be the opposite of what they intended: Workers stay longer, temporary migrants become even permanent, they bring family, and those unwilling to integrate pass these attitudes to their kids who remain disintegrated in the country. At the end there are more than less migrants and their composition is more troublesome. The better solution is free (and legal) labor mobility, where societies, companies and workers are adjusting according to general rules.
SPP: What policy issues are you working on now, and how do they relate to the European project?
Europe sees a rise in nationalism, avoids necessary reform policies and is afraid about foreigners and migration. People think that the world gets better if they ignore the consequences of demographic shifts, climate change and global conflict. This is a global trend, but Europe risks its well-build institutions which brought wealth, wellbeing and peace. Hence, I am writing about the benefits and conditions of well-designed reform policies, world-wide open labor mobility and a proper refugee policy. Europe will collapse if it fails to deal with those challenges.
SPP: You are one of the most prominent advocates of evidence based policy making. What are the necessary conditions for this to work? What is the role of universities in this?
KFZ: For such a policy to work, it needs that policymakers are collaborating with scientists. Researchers have to be willing to address pressing societal issues, execute state-of-the-art research and communicate it properly. They have to provide where possible alternative options, so that politicians can optimize with respect to the opinions of their voters. Policymakers need to listen and be willing to give larger weight to long-term efficiency issues over short-term muddling-through concepts focusing primarily on redistribution policies. Universities and research centers are core in this process, and they can only function with academic freedom. If society attempts to control and command research, the price is loss in welfare and wellbeing.
SPP: You know that Lex-CEU effectively expelling CEU from Hungary. HAS is under pressure, and several other universities. Is this a broader trend, and how should societies and academics respond to this?
KFZ: Although in line with many developments in the world suggesting a decline in the acceptance of science in society, these Hungarian experiences are dramatic. They will have huge damaging long-term effects for the Hungarian economy and society, and possibly push the country out of the European Union. This is a divide between the intellectuals and the ordinary person, a divide between brain and heart. Scientists have to go out to convey their findings, but they also need to activate and motivate the hearts. It is important to work on a European identity, not only to show that Europe creates a better economy.
SPP: You have held several professorial positions, the founding director of a prominent research institute, the Institute for the Study of Labor, the president of Germany’s largest think tank DIW, having significant academic and policy impact. From that experience, can you generalize some key lessons for young researchers, but also students, who aspire to have such an impact?
KFZ: Start as an academic, not as a policy advisor. Publish articles in established respected research journals to create an academic reputation. This is your capital as a policy advisor afterwards. Do not become partisan, or you become a politician and not the independent thinker needed. Wait for the time when the problems become so pressing so that your advice is need. This implies patience and the willingness to execute stand-by research. To be effective, seek the traditional and the social media, to achieve a global standing, and be ready to advise key policymakers at the local or national levels. Be willing to accept the huge administrative and psychological burden of directing large research institutions.
Using data for Morocco, the paper provides further evidence that international migration fosters the transfer of political and social norms.
Read more in:
Michele Tuccio, Jackline Wahba and Bachir Hamdouch: “International migration as a driver of political and social change: evidence from Morocco” Journal of Population Economics, online, issue forthcoming.
GLO Fellows Michele Tuccio, Jackline Wahba and Bachir Hamdouch
Author Abstract: This paper focuses on the impact of international migration on the transfer of political and social norms. Exploiting recent and unique data on Morocco, this paper explores whether households with return and current migrants bear different political preferences and behaviors than non-migrant families. Once controlling for the double selection into emigration and return migration, the findings suggest that having a returnee in the household increases the demand for political and social change. This result is driven by returnees mostly from Western European countries, who were exposed to more democratic norms in the destination. However, we find a negative impact of having a current migrant on the willingness of the left-behind households to change. This result is driven by migrants to non-Western countries, where the quality of political and social institutions is lower. Our results are robust to also controlling for destination selectivity.